Helping children with ADHD
Original report by Gerald Rucchin, University of Western Ontario
Results of a new study has been published in Frontiers in Psychology. It was found that 10 minutes of exercise with 10 minutes of Mindfulness improved the symptoms of ADHD in school aged children. The author, Professor Barbara Fenesi, said these findings allow teachers and parents to customise behavioural interventions to target a child’s specific needs.
“We want to identify behavioural approaches that could help manage ADHD symptoms for children and determine whether even a single, short bout of these behavioural approaches could be beneficial, rather than needing to engage in them for long periods of time,” Fenesi said.
At the same time, exercise and mindfulness meditation are non-pharmaceutical alternatives that support ADHD symptoms, especially inattention. In addition, Fenesi said most research has examined how chronic, long-term engagement of these behavioural interventions can help. There hasn’t been any research that compares the effectiveness of physical exercise and mindfulness meditation to one another—until now.
“We also wanted to compare these two behavioural approaches to see if one was superior to the other, or whether they each contributed differently to unique aspects of well-being,” she said.
Researchers worked with two community clinics in London, Ontario, to recruit children for the study. The children completed three interventions over the course of three weeks: 10 minutes of exercise, 10 minutes of mindfulness meditation, and 10 minutes of silent reading. Before and after each intervention, researchers assessed their cognitive functioning and psycho-emotional well-being.
The researchers found mindfulness meditation helps inhibitory control, working memory and task-switching, while acute exercise helps children with their psycho-emotional well-being, such as developing a positive mood.
“Our study highlights how the mind and body are connected,” Fenesi said. “In order to activate children’s intellectual minds, their bodies and mindful awareness must be activated to create an environment that’s conducive to learning.”